Spinning, Weaving, Processing, Pre-production and Finishing
After the fibre is harvested (natural) or seized (artificial), the yarn is spun and the fabric is waved or knitted. However, one more production process (pre-production finishing) is needed before using the fabric for clothes. First of all, the fabric is washed, dyed or just prepared for dying (in this case, garments are dyed when ready, but the fabric needs a special finishing). Even though the spinning and weaving process have no negative impact on environment, the finishing one can be harmful as the washes and dyes usually require a considerable amount of chemical agents. Therefore, CORA Happywear uses only washes and dyes, which are not harmful either to the consumer or to the environment. The dyes used by CORA are GOTS certified and respect the rules set by the international certification Institute.
The Production Process
The Production of our Garments
This phase consists cutting and steaming the fabric to obtain the desired garment. From an environmental point of view, this stage of the production process is the less harmful one. However, there are other problems that can arise during this production phase: workers do not always work under safe and fair working conditions and unfortunately child labor is quite common. This is why CORA Happywear produces all its garments in the Mediterranean area (Italy, Greece and Turkey), where safe and fair working conditions are guaranteed by law regulations. We visit our production sites regularly, to ensure that working conditions and working atmosphere are according to our standards.
Print and Embroidery of our Garments
In this phase, a print or an embroidery is added to the finished garment. While embroidering does not have meaningful negative consequences, printing can affect the environment negatively if the colours used contain large amounts of chemical agents. Therefore, CORA Happywear only uses water-based colours for its prints, applied through a screen printing technique. The chemical solvents, usually used to give consistency, plasticity and adherence to the print, are substituted with water. The result is a natural print which is soft to the touch and is highly resistant to repeated lavation.
Finishing - without us!
The last step includes dying, decolouring or obtaining special effects such as a vintage effect on a t-shirt. Considering the entire production process, the finishing process most definitely is the most harmful to the environment since the desired results require a significant amount of chemical agents. CORA Happywear has therefore decided to completely avoid this phase.